Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

GDM Text

What Is Gestational Diabetes Mellitus?

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes which developes during pregnancy. The number of women with GDM is increasing. In Ireland, 1 in 8 women will develop this condition.

Am I At Risk?

You are most at risk, if you are:

· Overweight                                                                                                                                                  

· Have previously delivered a large baby                           
  (over 4kg)

· Have had recurrent miscarriages                        

· Have fertility issues, particularly                     

polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)                  
· Over 35 years of age                                     

 · Have had recurrent miscarriages                      

· Have a family history of diabetes


How is it Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of GDM can be made easily and quickly by a simple blood test. This is called an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Essentially your doctor will take a fasting blood sample and then give you a sugary drink. Further blood samples are taken at 1 and 2 hours later. If any of the 3 blood samples are abnormal then a diagnosis of GDM is made. This test is best performed between 24-28 weeks of pregnancy.

In an ideal world, all women should have this test, so if you feel you are at risk please ask your doctor to test you for GDM.

Download The Full Information GDM Factsheet Below:


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